Officially the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina is the north part of Serbia in the Pannonian Plain. Novi Sad is its largest city and administrative center of Vojvodina. It is a melting pot of nationalities as there are 26 ethnic groups in the province and 6 different languages in the official use. Vojvodina was under the Austro-Hungary and because of that its culture and tradition is vastly different from the rest of Serbia. One of the things that sets it apart is the concept of a salaš.
The definition of a salaš would be a typical village property in Vojvodina. It is a house with a yard and some other smaller object like a barn, cottage, and stable made of wood. The main house and living space used to be built of mud. The walls were raised from beaten mud, or mud and hay brick dried on the sun. The roof was usually from dried reed, assembled together by traditional craftsmanship. Today, salaš became part of the past to be experienced by tourists, together with foods, beverages, customs, farm life and Tamburica music.
History behind it all
Word Salaš comes from Hungarian word szállás, it means “house or accommodation.” The first houses known as salaši were built at the beginning of 19th century. At the beginning Salaš was home of stack breeders, for whom this were like a summer house, where these people were spending quality time with their friends and family, while their animals were eating grass. Men are used to known as Lale, traditional name for male people from this part of Serbia were taking care of animals, while women, Sose, were looking after children and house as well. They would bake a famous cake Štrudla, which is mostly made of poppy, cherries or walnuts, all rolled into soft, crumbly bread. However, many farmers got used to this lifestyle, so the summer house became a permanent home for many. During the World War II a lot of Salaš’s were destroyed, however many still remain completely functional.
These days in Vojvodina we have about a hundred Salaš’s, which are mostly touristic places, where people want to feel the atmosphere of living in traditional Vojvodina. Today, most of them are restaurants where tourists can try some Vojvodina food specialties like beans, tomato or horseradish sauce, štrudla and a lot of meat products like šunka, kulen, and kobasica. The most famous places are: Salaš 137(Čenej), Babin Salaš (Žabalj) and Eko-etno kuća Čerević.
Čerević is a small village situated in the Beočin municipality near Novi Sad. The village is geographically located in Srem, which is part of South Bačka District. In Čerević less than 3000 people live, most of which are farmers and field workers. The property is not only nice and peaceful with a traditionally decorated house, but outside there is beautiful yard full of flowers and a view of Danube as well as Fruška gora.