The dystrict where the capital of Vojvodina is settled is Bačka. Just like Banat, this dystrict is also not only placed in Serbia, but the smaller part of it spreads over Hungary.
The second biggest city in Serbia, the capital of Vojvodina, European Youth Capital for 2019, European Capital of Culture for 2021, Serbian Athens, University town, the city of love and tolerance and much more can be used to charaterise this city. The streets of the city centre are certainly one of the most beautiful in the country. The famous Liberty Square that originated in the 18th century is the place of the biggest happenings, gatherings and manifestations in town. In the middle of it there is a bronze statue of Svetozar Miletić, other important and beautiful buildings are The Roman Catholic Name of Marry Church in the neogothic style from the 19th century, The City Hall and the Vojvodina Hotel – the oldest hotel in the region. Around the square and a bit further, in any way you go, you will end up in all the most popular streets of Novi Sad: Zmaj Jovina, Pašićeva, Dunavska, Miletićeva, Modene, Laze Telečkog etc. All these streets not only have beautiful architecture, but are full of cafees and pubs and most importantly constantly full of people who have built a big cafee culture of this city. Behind the Liberty Square there is a Serbian National Theatre, founded in 1861. Another square in the city centre is the Republic Square, right in front of the oldest gymnasium in the city Jovan Jovanović Zmaj founded in 1810. The gymnasium is placed near the most famous orthodox church in the city – Saborna Crkva. Besides orthodox and catholic churches, Novi Sad has the priviledge to have the Synagogue, which was donated to the city from the Jewish community and now is a place where concerts and other cultural events take place. The city has several parks, but the most important one is Dunavski park, in the city centre, another famous park is Limanski Park, near the Danube river and the Liberty Bridge. For young, creative people and those who love to party, the Chinese Quart nearby this park is one of the main places to be. The Liberty Bridge also crosses over the beach resort Štrand that is one of the most visited place during the hot summer days for every citizen of Novi Sad. Along the coast there is a pedestrian zone Novosadski Kej, on which you will see the famous Monument of the Novi Sad Raid in the Second World War. The city has a lot of museums, most important ones are The Museum of Vojvodina, Museum of Contemporary Art Vojvodina, The Gallery Square with several galleries, such as The Gallery of Matica Srpska, Pavle Beljanski Museum, City Museum of Novi Sad, The Gallery of Fine Arts, etc. The city has a lot of places for sport lovers, shopping malls, cultural happenings, movie projections and a lot lot more. We can certainly say that Novi Sad is not a big city, but it is a city for everyone to find something they like.
The second largest city in Vojvodina is placed in the very North of Bačka, near the border with Hungary. It is a city with the most unique and outstanding architecture, most of the buildings were built in an art nouveau style. The most intriguing are the City Hall and the Synagogue, both built by the Hungarian architects. Another example of art nouveau building is the Artistic Encounter Building. Since the great popularity of the Hungarian citizens it has a Cathedral of St. Theresa of Avila from 1797, the Franciscan friary from 1723, the Orthodox churches also from the 18th century, and the Hungarian Art Nouveau Subotica Synagogue from the early 20th century. The National Theatre in Subotica was built in 1854 and became National Register as a monument of an extraordinary cultural value in 1991 and was reconstructed a few years ago. Some other beautiful examples of the architecture of Subotica are the Municipal Library and the Reichel Palace.
Palić lake is situated nearby the city of Subotica (8km), near the town of Palić, It covers an area of 3.8km2 and the average depth of the lake is 2m. According to the legend, the lake is a remnant of the Pannonian Sea, but that it was created from the tears of the shepherd Paul who grazed his flock there. But actually, the lake originated in ancient times as an outcrop, it has a salty water because of water drained from the surrounding terrain dissolving sodium chloride. This lake is mostly an attraction for people who want to swim in there, but it offers many other things such as sports activities, fishing, a tour of nature reserves, bird watching, hiking tours and photo safaris. The coast itself is very beautiful and joyful to be at because of its sandy banks, courts for sports, playgrounds for kids and bike paths. It also has a protected section with over 200 bird species. Since 1970s the lake has one novelty the artificial island that was formed during the emptying and refilling of the lake, that became known as the bird’s islands, nowadays the only nesting location of black-headed gull in the country.
Another outstandingly beautiful town in Vojvodina is Sombor. It is a very small town with not a lot of crowd and bustle, but the beauty of the streets of a city centre from 18th and 19th century or the buildings will amaze you. The oldest historical information about this city is from 1340. Sombor is also famous for its greener and cultural life. Some of the cultural institutions of this city are: the National Theater, the Regional Museum, the City Museum Sombor, the Modern Art Gallery, the Milan Konjović Art Gallery, the Teacher's College, the Serbian Reading House and the Grammar School. The town also has a Teacher's College, founded in 1778, is the oldest college in Serbia and the region. Another important fact is that Sombor's history includes the oldest institution for higher education in the Serbian language. The city also has a great number of minority organisations, since its ethical diversity. It also has two monasteries: one Orthodox and one Catholic. Buildings and places that stand out for their beauty are: Županija building housing city and city administration, The old town hall of Sombor and the Holy Trinity Square, Sombor main street with the water fountain, Catholic church in Sombor, Town hall, Old Town Hall, Rome Catholic Church, Preparandija building and Krušper's palace.
Members of one of the most famous and the very richest family from the end of 19th and the beginning of 20th century in Vojvodina have left a cultural heritage in the disctrict of Bačka. It’s member Bogdan Dunđerski has built the Fantast Castle “the castle of the imagination”. Nowadays it was made a hotel. The castle complex is consisted of the horse farm, a chapel where Bogdan Dunđerski is buried, a small castle, a park with a lake and a main castle. The basement of the castle has a huge restaurant with a diverse menu, but the most popular is a domestic cousin. There is a chapel nearby the castle, that was built at the same time in the neo-Byzantine style. The iconostasis was painted by a famous Serbian painter Uroš Predić, a great friend of Bogdan Dunđerski. The company gives its visitors a great deal of interesting possibilities, such as the horse ride with the experienced instructor as well as the carriage rides and in winter sleigh rides, hunting and fishing, going through the whole complex with a specialized guide. A beautiful park that is a mixture of English and French in style is surrounding the castle, where the chapel and the small castle are. The central part is where the pool, which was in use at the time of Bogdan Dunđerski, stands. The park also has equipped children's playground and two tennis courts.
The most important and the best preserverd medieval fortress in Vojvodina in the Bač Fortress. The remains of the fortress were discovered during systematic excavations show that the site of the medieval fortress Bač with suburbs was inhabited continuously since prehistoric times. the fortress belongs to the so-called water cities, because it was surrounded on all sides by a river, and it was approached by a drawbridge. The fortress has a very rich and complicated history, probably still a lot of secrets yet to be discovered. Systematic archaeological excavations have been carried out several times since 1958. Finally, it was completely renovated in 1961. According to the categorization of the Republic Institute for the Protection of Cultural Monuments, Bač Fortress has been declared a good of exceptional national importance. Today, it is among the most important attractions and is the only preserved monument from the medieval period in Vojvodina. From the time of Rakoci's revolt (1703-1711), the fortress was burned, destroyed and abandoned. The ruins of the former fortress are still in Bač today, the base of which is in the shape of an irregular pentagon. Today, there are four side and one central tower, 18m high in the ruins, which has been partially reconstructed. However, Bač Fortress is still the best example of the medieval fortress in Vojvodina.
Castle in Kulpin
The facilities of the Castle in Kulpin were built in the late 18th and early 19th century for the noble Stratimirović family, who was the owner of land in Kulpin about 120 years. When in 1889 it became the property of the Dunđerski family. They were the owners until 1945, when the it was nationalized. According to style both buildings belonging to the epoch of Classicism. The big castle was restaurated in 1912. A small castle is so called ″The old castle″. Kulpin museum today is the whole complex, with the central castle as the main building. The way it was build generally followed the rules of the Classical style. It has a view on the beautiful park and its surroundings that are made in such a way to represent the natural scenery around the mansion, it is a natural monument-arboretum of rare and protected plant species. Park within the manor is used to represent a first-rate artwork of horticultural and garden art. The inner parts of castles were also built in the Classical style. The complex also includes an administrative building, a blacksmith, a horse stable and a granary.
Karađorđevo is a village underneath the Bačka Palanka municipality, in the South Bačka District of Serbia. It has becoming more and more a touristic place in Vojvodina, mostly because of the natural beauties that surround it. Some of the top sights in the village are Nature Park Tikvara and a Special Nature Reserve Bagremara. Karađorđevo is suitable for hunting, it has an established ground in 1885, that has served as a representative hunting resorts for kings, nobility and statesmen.
Apatin is the town in the West Bačka. It was first mentioned in written documents in 1011. It is becomming a popular tourist destination with an interesting and world-wide tourist potential due to the closeness of forests and the Danube. Every year, in the beginning of July, Apatin Fishermen's Evenings are held. They usually last for seven days and the most attractive competitions are in the competition of sport fishermen for the best chef of fish or fish stew. Four kilometers from the town of Apatin is Spa Junaković which offers rehabilitation health services, organization of seminars and symposiums, organized recovery of workers and pensioners and accommodation of hunters. It contains a complex of outdoor swimming pools, courts for indoor soccer, handball and tennis, an athletics track, a gym, an indoor therapeutic pool and two saunas, which enable the organization of athletes' preparations. Spa Junaković has received many awards for its work. Nearby the town there are also several castles. Other cultural places are the birth house of Pal Abraham, his piano, the synagogue, There is an idea to make the Fishermen's Museum in Šaran and the Jewish Museum in the Synagogue. The town has a museum in the Church as well as the museum in Prigrevica. Another place worth going to is the beach Blue Rose, which is completely renovated and where every winter a skating rink is set up.