Srem is a district of the Southwest Vojvodina. It is placed between the rivers Danube and Sava, and it borders with Croatia. It is characterized by the great variety of natural and cultural intriguing beauties.
Right when you cross the Danube river on a Varadin bridge and leave the city of Novi Sad, as well as the Bačka district, you will enter the Srem district and the Town of Petrovaradin. Petrovaradin Municipality is the second municipality of Novi Sad. It lays on the right bank of Danube river and the mountain Fruška gora. The information about the very first settlement of humans in this region goes all the way to the Stone Age, though the name Peturwarod, after a Hungarian lord, was found in documents from 1237. The Old Town of Petrovaradin is very authentic and rustic, but the main attraction for tourists certainly is the Petrovaradin Fortress. It is the second largest fortress in Europe, it has a great history that reaches the Roman area and even before, to the Paleolithic Age, but in history it has the highlight as a Habsburg defense against the Ottoman Turks (which is why it is also known as the Gibraltar on the Danube). The Petrovaradin Underground was built in the 18th century, it goes four floors under the ground and it has a 16 km long system of halls. Some of the catacombs are open for a guided tour. It is famous for numerous things: The Clock Tower, The Museum of The City of Novi Sad, The Art studios that build the biggest art colony of such kind in Europe, The Planetarium, The Church of Saint Juraj, as well as the most beautiful view of the Novi Sad. Nowadays the biggest sensation of a fortress happens in July, Exit festival gathers the artists and visitors from all around the world to one of the biggest music events in Europe, that more than once won a prize for the best European music festival. Besides all that, the Fortress is full of nature and beautiful trails to walk through and enjoy.
National Park Fruška Gora and Serbian Athos
The oldest National Park in Serbia is Fruška gora, a mountain that spreads through 80km and used to be an island of the former Panonic sea. The highest peak of the mountain is Crveni čot (539m). The rich nature of this National Park is full of meadows, lakes, forests, vineyards that date from the Roman area, orchards, pastures. It is full of fauna, such as deers and wild boars. It is the perfect place for people who love chilling in nature as well as the ones who love recreation such as biking, hiking and even swimming in the lakes. Some popular areas are Stražilovo, Iriški venac, Hopovo, Zmajevac and Hajdučki breg. Another name for the mountain is Serbian Athos, since from the 15th to 18th century it had 35 monasteries built and 16 of them are still active and opened for visitors. Another beauty is Ubavac spring with the healing waters. Due to its beauty and nature around it it has become a very popular place for summer visitors.
Sremska Mitrovica and Sirmium
The City of Sremska Mitrovica is an administrative center of the Srem district. It is located on the left bank of the river Sava. It has a pretty developed urban area, interesting architecture, intriguing murals around the town and Museum of Srem. However, this city is most famous for the Sirmium Palatium Imperiale, the archeological excavations of the Imperial Palace of the capital of Roman empire in the 4th century CE. This was discovered accidentally during the apartment building in 1957. The excavation consists of massive walls, a system of radiant heating, floor mosaics, and the Roman circus whose discovery indicated the conclusion that this indeed was the Imperial Palace. In those circuses were held chariot races, the most popular sport event in the ancient times and this is the only place in the territory of Serbia where the circus was found. Only one part of a complex is open for visitors. This makes the city of Sremska Mitrovica and Sirmium very precious for the country and gives all the visitors a unique experience.
Nearby the town of Sremska Mitrovica lies the Special Nature Reserve Zasavica, one more unique and authentic place for the nature lovers. Breathtaking views on forests, meadows, river, animals and the traditional life of natives make this place an unforgettable experience for every visitor. It also has the capacity for the natural scientists and students to study there and hold science camps, since the biodiversity is full of relics, endemic and rare species and their communities. Other activities include sport fishing, taking cruise tours, sailing and enjoying the domestic cousine.
Obedska bara (The Obed Swamp)
In the South Srem, on the bank of Sava river a Special Nature Reserve Obedska bara is situated. In 1977 Obedska bara, first in the country, has been included in the Ramsar Convention list. Since the 19th century this place was famous around the world to be the Bird Heaven. In 1989 it was declared the international Important Bird Area (IBA). The swamp was formed from a meander of Sava. It has a great diversity of species including the endangered ones, a lot of marsh and forest habitats, numerous species of mammals, fish, amphibians, reptiles. Due to this, the Swamp gives its visitors a variety of options, both recreational and educational. Cultural monuments in the complex of the swamp are the Kupinik fortress, the church of Mother Angelina and the church of Saint Lucas.
Certainly one of the most beautiful places that you will see in Vojvodina is the small baroque-style town Sremski Karlovci. It actually belongs to the district of Bačka, but geographically it is on the territory of Srem. It is the most famous for the Town's Square which shows the beauty of the baroque architecture at its finest. There is Karlovačka Gymnasium, as well as the Metropolinate of Karlovci which dates from between the 1713 and 1848, when it became the Patriarchy until 1920. The seat of it is the Serbian Orthodox Church from the Habsburg Monarchy. This makes Clerical High School also situated in Sremski Karlovci. Another important historical monument is the Peace Chapel where the Treaty of Karlowitz was negotiated after the end of the Great Turkish War. It has its city Museum and if you go up to the viewpoint of Karlovci you will have a magnificent outlook on the town and its natural surroundings. Near the town there is a famous wooded valley Stražilovo, an ideal for hiking, and with a monument of a famous Serbian romantic poet Branko Radičević (1824-1853). Sremski Karlovci are also famous for the vineyards and every September during the vintage there is a festival Grožđebal, which gathers the vine and music lovers from around the Vojvodina, as well as the musicians from the whole region.